Basic concepts used in sterilization method
Sterilization: It is the process of destroying all microorganisms -including spores- on and inside any substance or object.
Decontamination: It is the process of removing organic material and pathogens from a surface or material by physical and / or chemical methods before disinfection / sterilization and making it safe.
Validation: It is the proof that the sterilization system and processes continuously meet the pre-determined conditions.
✱Chemical indicator: Paper strips or other test materials containing chemical substances that show characteristic changes (color change, etc.) depending on the critical variables in the sterilization conditions.
✱Biological indicator: It is a test material containing resistant bacterial spores used to determine that sterilization has occurred.
✱Prion: They are infectious particles in protein structure that do not contain nucleic acid, resistant to normal sterilization and disinfection methods.
✱Bactericide: It is the effect that kills bacteria.
✱Bacterial spore: It is a special structural form formed by some bacteria, resistant to physical and chemical environmental factors.
✱Biological load (bioburden): It refers to the amount of living microorganisms in a material.